I’m a big fan of automated testing. In fact, on the rare occasions that I don’t write tests, I find that I can’t shake the thought that something has been missed.

As with all aspects of my coding efforts, I am constantly looking for ways to improve the process, make tests more readable, and reduce room for error. With these goals in mind, I’d like to introduce ExpectThat.

What is ExpectThat?

ExpectThat is an expressive, self-documenting, assertion library for CoffeeScript, that seeks to improve testing efforts with your favorite testing framework. It does this by providing a syntax similar to FsUnit (a library for F#) that makes assertions more readable and then automatically translates that readable code into descriptive test output. This ensures that your test names always stay in sync with your tests and allows your code to speak for itself. ExpectThat currently supports Pavlov, QUnit, and Jasmine. Overtime, support for additional testing frameworks will be added.

Let’s See it in Action

The following example shows how to write tests with ExpectThat for Pavlov in CoffeeScript:

pavlov.specify "Example Specifications", ->
    foo = "bar"
    describe "When testing 'should equal'", ->
        expectThat -> foo.should equal "bar"
    describe "When testing 'shouldnt equal'", ->
        expectThat -> foo.shouldnt equal "baz"
    describe "When testing for 'true'", ->
        expectThat -> (foo is "bar").should be true
        expectThat -> (foo is "baz").shouldnt be true
    describe "When testing for 'false'", ->
        expectThat -> (foo is "baz").should be false
        expectThat -> (foo is "bar").shouldnt be false
    describe "When testing 'greater than'", ->
        expectThat -> (9.1).should be greaterThan 9
        expectThat -> (9.1).shouldnt be greaterThan 10
        expectThat -> 10.shouldnt be greaterThan 10

Here’s a screenshot of the result:

Other Testing Frameworks

As I mentioned, ExpectThat currently supports QUnit and Jasmine in addition to Pavlov. The following are examples for each of these.

QUnit:

module "Example QUnit Specifications"

foo = "bar"

module "When testing should equal"

expectThat -> foo.should equal "bar"

module "When testing shouldnt equal"

expectThat -> foo.shouldnt equal "baz"

module "When testing for true"

expectThat -> (foo is "bar").should be true
expectThat -> (foo is "baz").shouldnt be true

module "When testing for false"

expectThat -> (foo is "baz").should be false
expectThat -> (foo is "bar").shouldnt be false

Jasmine:

describe "Example Jasmine Specifications", ->
    foo = "bar"
    describe "When testing should equal", ->
        expectThat -> foo.should equal "bar"
    describe "When testing shouldnt equal", ->
        expectThat -> foo.shouldnt equal "baz"
    describe "When testing for throw", ->
        expectThat -> (-> throw "test exception").should throwException
        expectThat -> (-> throw "test exception").should throwException "test exception"
    describe "When testing for less than", ->
        expectThat -> 10.should be lessThan 11
        expectThat -> (10.1).shouldnt be lessThan 10

Getting Started with ExpectThat

There are a couple of ways to get started with ExpectThat. First, head over to the ExpectThat GitHub site and browse through the documentation. You can then clone the repo and grab any of the examples from the example folder. If you are writing an ASP.NET app in Visual Studio, another option is to install one of the available NuGet packages.

Available Assertions

ExpectThat currently provides the following assertions:

- equal
- stictlyEqual
- false
- true
- greaterThan
- greaterThanOrEqual
- lessThan
- lessThanOrEqual
- throwException
- ‘to’ and ‘be’ can be used in most cases to make tests more readable.

In addition to the out-of-the-box assertions, ExpectThat allows for the creation of custom assertions. Examples of this for each of the supported testing frameworks are available in the example folder on GitHub.

ExpectThat in JavaScript

While the syntax of ExpectThat works best with CoffeeScript, you can certainly use it in JavaScript as well. Simply add in the missing braces, parens, semi-colons, function keywords, etc. The following provides a simple example for Pavlov:

pavlov.specify("expectThat Specifications", function() {
    describe("When testing should equal", function() {
        var foo = "bar";
        expectThat(function() {
            foo.should(equal("bar"));
        });
        expectThat(function() {
            (foo + "test").should(equal("bartest"));
        });
    });
});

Getting Involved

There are a lot of things left to do for ExpectThat and I’d love to hear your thoughts on direction, enhancements, etc. as well as have any help that anyone would like to offer. If you want to get involved, fork me on GitHub.

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I’ve talked about testing CoffeeScript with Pavlov in a previous post. Today, I’m going to talk about a couple of ways to quickly get started with Pavlov–a BDD API that sits on top of QUnit–in an ASP.NET web app.

In the past, whenever I wanted to start creating Pavlov specs, I would go out to the Pavlov GitHub site, grab the appropriate files, and add them to my web app. While this process isn’t all that time consuming, there is now a better way. Now I can simply install the Pavlov NuGet package using the NuGet Visual Studio Extension. This package adds a folder named Specs under the Scripts folder that includes a barebones html file and pavlov.js.

An example of what the file structure looks like after this package is installed is shown below:

 

If I prefer to have a simple example to start with, I can alternatively install the Pavlov.Sample package. This adds the same files as the Pavlov package, but also includes an example.specs.js file with the code from the example on the Pavlov GitHub site.

Lastly, I’ve been writing a fair amount of CoffeeScript lately, so I may prefer to have the sample specs written in CoffeeScript. All that is needed for this is to make sure that Mindscape Web WorkBench Visual Studio Extension is installed (this is a onetime install) and then install the Pavlov.Coffee NuGet package. The files are then added to the project including a example.specs.coffee file that looks like this:

pavlov.specify "Pavlov Example", ->
  describe "A feature that is being described", ->
    foo = undefined
    before ->
      foo = "bar"
    after ->
      foo = "baz"
    it "can be specified like so", ->
      assert(foo).equals('bar')
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